What is papilloma - what it looks like and how to treat it

Genital papillomatosis increases the risk of infection in both couples, complicates intimate life, and is most often transmitted from woman to child during childbirth.

papillomas of the neck


The main reason for the emergence of plants is HPV, which enters the body in different ways. It is introduced into the cells of the squamous epithelium and remains in them for a long time without being detected. The patient may not be aware of the infection until it has multiplied and new tumors have formed. As the immune system declines, more growths occur in the body.

Experts identify factors that increase the risk of growth:

  • frequent stress;
  • nervous, physical overwork;
  • beriberi;
  • decreased immunity;
  • old age of the patient;
  • too many sexual partners;
  • smoking, alcohol abuse;
  • taking oral contraceptives for a long time.

Causes of papilloma can be hidden endocrine disorders, pathology of the digestive system, overweight. The incubation period lasts about a year, and if the immune system works well, the infection may not show itself. HPV is most commonly transmitted through contact with infected items in daily life, such as using regular detergents, razors, and towels. The infection can be transmitted sexually or from mother to child during childbirth.


Dermatologists distinguish several types of papillomas:

  1. Easy going. The neoplasm resembles a cauliflower or a rooster, with a small papillary surface.
  2. Plantar. These devices cause some inconvenience.
  3. Flat. The localization of such tumors is the cervical epithelium. Flat papillomas resemble itchy flat nodules.
  4. Filamentous. These tumors are more common in patients over 50 years of age, resemble small nodules and do not lead to the development of obvious symptoms.
  5. Marked by. They represent papillary structures that are localized as separate elements and joined into whole groups. In each case, genital warts are caused by certain types of viruses that are transmitted during sexual intercourse. The site of genital warts is the intimate area, groin, anus, and perineum.

Angiopapilloma is an internal growth that occurs in the connective tissue. It attaches to the walls of blood vessels and can cause cancer.

Tumors in visible areas of the body and in the intimate area often cause psychological discomfort and problems with sexual activity. Papilloma of the uterus can end in cancer.


There are several types of HPV, depending on the cause of the cancer of the skin and internal organs.


The formation of papillomas is due to the rapid growth of the squamous epithelium of the epidermis. In young people, this type of tumor can occur in areas of the body that have been severely injured.

Squamous cell papillomas are round tumors with a broad base and a thin stem. At the beginning of development, they were immobile, light or painted in brown. Permanent trauma to such structures can lead to their inflammation, cell mutations begin, and their transformation into cancer. Without effective treatment, the risk of cancer is high.


Sometimes reverse papillomas appear on the body. The area of its appearance is the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. Tumors may grow in the frontal and maxillary sinuses.

The peculiarity of the appearance of papillomavirus is a unilateral lesion. Reverse growth can occur in the bone, resulting in damage to the palate, skull bones, nasal sinuses, and orbital walls.

Inverted large papillomas can cause nasal congestion, bleeding, and runny nose. As the tumor grows, the facial skeleton deforms and moves to the side of the affected visual organ.


Skin papillomas can occur in different areas of the body. Discomfort is caused by growths on the face, and they are constantly injured when they touch clothes.

Experts identify several places where papillomas occur:

  1. Hair area, armpits and lower abdomen with obesity. Different types of tumors that can be localized under the breast of the fair sex.
  2. Neck, face, abdomen, back area. The area of papillomas on the face is mainly the area of the mouth, eyes and eyelids.
  3. Genitals. This area is often the site of sexual warts.
  4. Internal organs. Neoplasms form in the tissues of the intestines, stomach and bladder.
  5. Foot. Spinal warts often form in this part of the body.

Viral tumors can occur in the oral mucosa, bladder, mammary glands, and internal genitals.

Symptoms of education

When HPV is activated, different types of tumors form on the skin. Their symptoms are similar, but there are differences.

Warts on human skin


You can detect warts on the skin based on certain symptoms:

  • the size of the tumor does not exceed 1 cm;
  • warts have clear outer borders, palpation shows an uneven surface and density;
  • the color of the composition can range from light gray to black;
  • The neoplasm has an irregular round shape.

The localization of growth is the exposed areas of the body, especially those that are constantly affected by something. Warts usually appear on the hands, fingers, knees, and scalp where hair grows.


If you know what a papilloma body looks like, you can diagnose growth on your own. They are skin growths with very thin stems or flat bases. Infection is most common in high-humidity public places. It is in such an environment that he feels ideal and begins to multiply rapidly.

papillomas on human skin

Patients need to know what papillomas look like in the body. The first sign of swelling is a slight burning sensation and a slight itching of the epidermis. After a while, a tumor develops in this area. Gradually they elongate and grow to a size 1-1, 5 cm.

Most often, skin papillomas occur in elderly patients and begin to actively increase in size. Vegetation area - chest, umbilical region, underarms. They are body colored or slightly yellow. The presence of the virus in a woman's body significantly increases the risk of cervical cancer.


genital warts

Genital warts are caused by certain types of HPV that enter the bloodstream only through sexual intercourse. Typically, the area of the rectum and external genitalia, rarely the oropharynx, becomes the center of growth localization.

Warts are papillary growths that form on different parts of the body. Individual elements often combine to form a rooster-like tumor.

Incubation period

Papillomavirus has a long incubation period, which can last for many years. This means that it is very difficult to determine when an infectious agent enters the body. The activity of the virus can increase under the influence of various factors that disrupt the functioning of the immune system.

Once inside the body, the virus enters the nuclei of dermal cells, where it multiplies rapidly. As the body's defenses weaken, tiny papillae, which contain several cells, begin to form on the surface of the skin. They grow slowly and can reach 10 cm.


Diagnosis of papilloma begins with an examination of the patient by an immunologist or dermatologist. The patient's history and symptoms are examined. Laboratory and instrumental studies can help determine the cause of tumors in the body.

Blood test to detect human papillomavirus

The standard diagnostic program includes:

  • general and biochemical blood analysis;
  • PCR tests;
  • biopsy of the material.

The study will select the most effective and safe methods of therapy.

To treat

It is recommended to start treatment immediately after the detection of papillomas. The choice of method depends on the area of localization of tumors, their causes and the form of HPV. Only a specialist can determine how to quickly cure papilloma.


With this method of therapy, tumors are removed with liquid nitrogen, which causes the water in the cells to freeze and die. Cryodestruction is performed only when the tumor is harmless and free of cancer cells.

Cryocoagulation as a method of eliminating papilloma

The procedure is painless, but if the skin is very sensitive, they resort to the introduction of novocaine. After treating the skin with liquid nitrogen, they turn white and form small foams, including clear or pink liquid. When the plants are removed by cooling, unpleasant sensations in the form of burns may appear, but they will gradually disappear. After cryodestruction, it is recommended to treat the epidermis several times a day with a solution of potassium permanganate or boron alcohol.

After a few days, the bladder ruptures, forming a membrane that protects the wound from infection. In time, it disappears, leaving healthy skin underneath.

Surgical approach

Surgical removal of papilloma is the most radical method on the skin, but it is not widely used. Indications for surgery are large papillomas.

Surgical removal of papilloma

During the operation, the doctor excises a small area of healthy tissue, which prevents the recurrence of growth. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia and does not take more than 10-15 minutes. The patient is not in pain, and is sutured after the manipulation is completed. The disadvantage of this method is the long duration of wound healing, the appearance of scars and scars on the body.

Laser removal

The doctor will decide how to treat the papilloma after examining the patient. The most modern method of destroying plants is laser treatment, which is preceded by analysis to destroy cancer cells. The area of the body where the papilloma is located is anesthetized with lidocaine. Then they try it with laser beams and destroy it completely. In this way, water evaporates in the damaged cells, causing them to dry out and form a crust.

After a while, the skin becomes red and swollen, but this reaction takes place after 2-3 days. The danger subsides spontaneously after 5-7 days, and instead appears delicate pink skin.

Chemical attack

An effective method of combating pathology is the chemical effects of papilloma. Destruction of genital warts is carried out with special drugs containing organic acids.

With the help of an applicator, they are rubbed on the surface of the formation and cauterized. Under the influence of chemicals, growth cells are destroyed, and it is destroyed.

Drug treatment

Medical treatments for papilloma include:

  1. Tablets. Infection with the virus is caused by a decrease in immunity, so the action of drugs is aimed at increasing the body's defenses. The patient is prescribed vitamins, immunomodulators, antiviral drugs.
  2. Preparations for local treatment. A good effect is the use of creams and ointments with antiviral action. For small tumors of the penis, gels and creams are selected that stimulate the production of interferon. To eliminate the growth, the doctor prescribes solutions with cauterizing properties.

Only a doctor can determine whether or not to remove papillomas from different parts of the body.


How to treat multiple papillomas in the body depends on their size and area of localization. The integrated approach includes treatment with immunomodulators, the action of which activates the body's natural defenses.

There are several types of HPV, so such drugs should be selected by a specialist after immunological studies. Special attention is recommended to natural immunomodulators that restore immunity at the DNA level in women with papilloma.


Home treatment for large papillomas can worsen the condition and spread the virus throughout the body. The possibility of using the funds for self-elimination growth is determined by a dermatologist. This method of treatment is possible only in the absence of oncogenic factors and in case of suspicion of malignant growth.

Self-medication involves the use of topical ointments and medications prescribed by your doctor.

Traditional methods of treatment

In addition to the treatment regimen chosen by the doctor, the use of alternative methods of treatment is allowed. You can stop the intense growth of papilloma and provoke its destruction when lubricated with celandine, dandelion or sour apple juice.

Lemon and garlic to eliminate papilloma

You can lubricate the tumor with fresh egg protein every day and wait for it to dry. After a while, the dry papilloma will go away on its own. You can buy special tape at the pharmacy, which is glued for a long time and then the tumor is removed.

To eliminate the defect, it is recommended to cut a clove of garlic and rub it on the skin for several days in a row.

Home and folk remedies are a long process. To be effective, it is recommended to combine it with antiviral drugs.


Prevention of human papillomavirus is possible by maintaining good body hygiene, timely treatment and healing of various injuries to the epidermis. Use personal hygiene products to prevent infection.

Prevention of papillomas means rejection of casual sex, adherence to a healthy lifestyle and increased immunity. The virus can be a factor in the formation of papillomas in the cervix and the development of cancer. Women should always go to the gynecologist and mammologist, do not forget to follow a proper diet. What to do If papilloma is detected, it is recommended to consult a doctor and do not self-medicate.