Papillomavirus infection is one of the most common viral diseases of the skin and mucous membranes. Almost everyone, at least once, in his life faced one or another manifestation of his visions. More than 100 types of human papillomavirus (HPV) are known, each of which causes tumors of a specific type and location: papillomas on the body, mucous membranes, convex and flat warts on hands and feet, genital warts and other growths. Papillomas can be single or multiple. Choosing an effective treatment for papillomas is not an easy task, so it is better to entrust it to a dermatovenerologist.
Types of HPV drugs
Drugs used in the treatment of HPV are divided into the following groups:
- Antiviral agents.
- Means for destruction of neoplasms.
First of all, it is necessary to determine the nature of the tumor: it is sometimes difficult to distinguish a papilloma from a mole or a condyloma. Then, using PCR analysis, determine the type of virus, because some of them contribute to the development of malignant tumors. Anti-papilloma drugs can be used in combination or separately.
Drug treatment of HPV-induced skin tumors is rarely complete without drugs from this group. They have a negative effect on the virus, prevent its reproduction, have an immunomodulatory effect.
Pharmaceutical preparations are especially popular, they are produced in several dosage forms: injections, tablets, suppositories, ointments and gels. Usually, with one structure, local use may be sufficient.
Antiviral ointments and gels are prescribed before and after the laser therapy, electrocoagulation procedure, after which they provide high efficiency of treatment and prevention of relapses.
What are the indications for the appointment of systemic antiviral drugs:
- HPV infection of high and potentially high oncological risk confirmed by PCR;
- multiple papillomas on the body (this indicates high activity of HPV);
- the state of primary and secondary immunodeficiency (when the body cannot cope with the viral load on its own).
Antiviral drugs (injections and tablets) are contraindicated:
- during pregnancy;
- during breastfeeding;
- with personal impatience.
Most medications are available by prescription.
What antiviral drugs are considered the most effective and able to get rid of papilloma?
The drug is available in tablet form. This is one of the most popular remedies for papilloma today. active substance - inosine (purine derivative). has a complex effect:
- blocks the enzymes of the virus and causes its death;
- activates interferon production;
- activates lymphocytes;
- inhibits the production of inflammatory mediators.
2 tablets per day are prescribed for 2 weeks, if necessary, the course of treatment can be extended up to a month. Can be used for children over 3 years old.
Nausea, headache, gout may increase during reception.
Medicines based on meglumine acridone acetate
The drug comes in two forms: injection and tablets. The active ingredient is meglumine acridone acetate. Mechanism of action - induction of interferon.
Intramuscular injections of the drug are carried out daily, up to 10 injections per course.
Agents based on glycoside isolated from nightshade stem
Release form: solution for intravenous injection, ointment, gel spray inlay for treatment of oral cavity, gel spray for treatment of genital papilloma. The active substance is a glycoside isolated from nightshade.
This is a modern antivirus with a wide spectrum:
- promotes tissue regeneration.
Intravenous injections are prescribed according to the scheme: the first 3 times in 2 days, the next 5 times in 3 days. Topical formulations and injections are generally well tolerated. Ointment and gel are allowed to use during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Multiple papillomas often indicate a disorder of the body. Medicines of this group have a stimulating effect on the immune system. Before use, an immunologist's advice and additional examination (immunogram) are required.
Independent immunostimulators cannot get rid of external manifestations of human papillomavirus. But with confirmed immunodeficiency, they should be included in the HPV treatment complex. They are compatible with antiviral drugs, antibiotics, antifungal agents.
The use of immunostimulants is prohibited:
- during pregnancy;
- personal impatience.
They are sold in pharmacies with a prescription. Which of these drugs is most effective?
Compositions for removing papilloma
Drugs of this group have a direct therapeutic effect on papilloma. They contain aggressive components that destroy epithelial cells. Which one is the most popular among doctors and patients and is able to get rid of HPV-related skin tumors?
Papilloma is affected by a temperature of -57 ° C, which leads to disruption of its blood supply and necrosis. The drug is sold in a pharmacy without a prescription.
The product should not be used on delicate skin areas (face, armpits, intimate areas) and mucous membranes.
The kit includes a bottle containing a mixture of propane and dimethyl ether, a plastic holder, and foam applicators. Multiple forms can be processed in one session. Exposure time depends on the size of the papilloma, but should not exceed 40 seconds. Papilloma shedding occurs in 10-14 days. To remove the profit, 1 4 procedures are required.
Drops for external use with an applicator. This is a relatively new effective drug for papillomas. The main component is metacresol. It has a cauterizing effect, causes the death of the virus and destroys the tumor.
The medicine is very carefully applied to the elements, period. If a drop of the solution touches the surrounding healthy tissues, it should be removed immediately with a dry cotton swab. Small papillomas on the body are treated once, larger ones 3-4 times, with an interval of several minutes after the previous layer has dried.
Papillomas located in skin folds and interdigital spaces cannot be treated with medicine.
It is better to entrust the removal of neoplasms in the anogenital zone to a medical professional.
Preparation based on a mixture of acids
The release form is a bottle with a solution, a plastic applicator for local use and a glass capillary for cleaning large surfaces.
The drug contains a mixture of acids: trichloroacetic, oxalic, nitric and lactic. Drops of the solution cause a chemical burn of the tissue, which leads to mummification of the papillomas.
The agent is gently applied to the affected area until its color changes. After the effect of this drug on the papilloma, a crust appears on its surface, which disappears by itself after 10-12 days. If the effect is insufficient, the procedure should be repeated.
After using the drugs, the DNA of the virus remains in the human body. The purpose of using drugs for papillomas is to get rid of external manifestations, strengthen immunity and achieve the transition of HPV infection to a latent form. Only a local effect is possible with uniformity on the body. In other cases, its efficiency is 25-50%.
What conditions are needed to achieve the best results?
- complete diagnosis;
- integrated approach to treatment;
- choosing the optimal treatment regimen.
Therefore, the key to successful treatment of papillomavirus is to seek medical help in time. There are many drugs for papilloma, and a specialist must determine which one is suitable for the individual in each case.